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Knowledge-based Economies (KBE)

Background to the KBE study

Developing economies were seen in terms of dual economies  where geographically defined sub-national regions connected with the developed market economies, while the remainder languished in pre-capitalist forms.  However the last two decades of the twentieth century witnessed the accelerated progress of “globalization” enabled by lower-cost and more efficient transportation services and coordination made possible by enhanced telecom services, as well as the political, economic and cultural dynamics of the post-Cold-War world.   This opened up the possibilities for global value chains that did not stop at the borders of export processing zones or coastal, connected regions of developing economies. In many discussions, efficiency is identified as a key factor.  However it is necessary to give equal weight to inclusion, in the form of bringing more people into the global value chains.  Currently, many people participate in agriculture.  Those who participate in global value chains tend to be more prosperous than those who are limited to local value chains.  Bringing more people into global value chains, does not refer in any way to increasing the number of people engaged in agriculture (increased productivity would mean that less people engage in purely agricultural traditional livelihoods); rather about global value chains that include more SMEs.

The project will be studying agriculture value chains (specifically export oriented value chains) and how they can be made more efficient and inclusive.   The focus will be on global value chains that are substantially located in developing countries. Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
The objectives of the Inclusive Knowledge-based Economies project are to:
  • Achieve an in-depth understanding of how innovations related to ICTs are used (and may be used) to improve the efficiency and inclusiveness of studied agricultural value chains, based on work done under the module as well as the demand- and supply-side modules;
  • Develop recommendations for improving the efficiency and inclusiveness of agricultural value chains including through the application of ICTs, but not limited to them;
  • Based on the in-depth understandings achieved above, contribute to improving indicators related to measuring progress toward inclusive knowledge-based economies

The selection of the value chains will depend on the following criteria:

  • Potential for value capture and addition by small producers
  • High export potential
  • Potential for increased productivity

 

Research Reports

India- pomegranate and mango supply chain study report can be found here.

Sri Lanka pineapple supply chain study report can be found here.

Sri Lanka rubber supply chain study report can be found here.

Bangladesh jute supply chain study report can be found here.

Bangladesh potato supply chain study report can be found here.

Thailand study report can be found here.

Smallholders and agricultural micro-enterprises in Agriculture: information needs and communication patterns | Executive summary | Report (1.9Mb) |

 

Dissemination

Information about dissemination of the pineapple research can be found here.

Information about the media dissemination event of the Thailand metastudy can be found here.

Information about the dissemination of the research on the jute supply chain in Bangladesh with stakeholders can be found here.

Information about the dissemination of the research on the potato supply chain in Bangladesh with stakeholders can be found here.

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