Licenses have been granted to consortium members for building the Palapa Ring–backbone that will connect the Eastern part of Indonesia that currently relies on satellites with the rest of the country. It is not clear how the licenses were granted and what are the fees and obligations of the license holders. Furthermore, technical and financial feasibility studies are yet to be completed. No access regimes have been developed that will govern how non-consortium members will be able to access the Palapa Ring and on what terms. There couldn’t be a worse possible way of launching such a complex, capital-intensive project that is supposed to transform the ICT infrastructure of Indonesia.
President SB Yudhoyono’s government came to power on the promise of eradicating corruption and the “deal culture” that has plagued Indonesia throughout much of its existence. Initially the government promised leased-cost subsidy auction and other open transparent methods for rolling out backbone infrastructure in the country. Now a sudden announcement in the media informs us that licenses for the Palapa Ring project have been granted.
The Palapa Ring has been a “dream” project of the Indonesian government even before the financial crisis of 1997. Before the crisis it was planning on funding it with government funds. Post the financial crisis and faced with empty coffers, the Government has been pressuring telecom operators in Indonesia to use their resources to realize the Government’s dream. The enthusiasm of PT Telkom to participate in the Palapa Ring Project (in news story below) is ironic considering that it had decades to build backbone infrastructure in the country when it was the monopoly provider of domestic fixed line services and it built little. I wouldn’t be surprised if the threat of regulatory retribution hung like Damocles’s sword over Indonesian operators when they decided to participate in the Palapa Ring consortium.
Least-cost subsidy auction would have been a more transparent way of eliciting participation of Indonesian operators in the Palapa Ring Project. In those islands/regions that are commercially viable, backbones would be deployed by private sector without any government support. In islands/regions that are sparsely populated and where landing submarine cable may not be commercially viable,least cost subsidy auction would have provided the necessary subsidy to make it worthwhile for private sector to participate in infrastructure roll-out.
Although the sum of $1.5 billion is being bandied around as the total cost of the project the consortium has yet to commit to the backbone map that DGPOSTEL and the Indonesian government has been promoting. The map as can be seen below has submarine cables landing every few kilometers as they garland the various islands. The highest cost-component of a submarine cable system are the cable landing stations.The proposed design is not cost-efficient. It would make more sense to land a submarine cable at couple of points in an island and use terrestrial fiber optic or microwave to connect the rest of the island.
Indonesian group will build US$1.5 billion Palapa network
JAKARTA, May 10 (Reuters) – Seven Indonesian companies will join forces to build a $1.5-billion 34,000 km (21,100 mile) fibre optic cable network in the country aimed at improving telecommunication infrastructure, a government official said.
Indonesia’s director general for post and telecommunication at the communication and information ministry, Basuki Yusuf Iskandar, said the group will meet next Wednesday to discuss how to implement and finance the Palapa Ring Project.
“Seven companies have obtained the licence for the Palapa Ring,” Iskandar told reporters late on Wednesday. He said PT Telekomuniasi Indonesia Tbk, PT Indosat Tbk, PT Excelcomindo Pratama Tbk, and PT Bakrie Telecom Tbk were among the seven in the consortium.
The Palapa Ring is part of the government’s effort to refurbish the country’s ailing infrastructure to spur economic growth in the world’s fourth most populous nation. Its completion will open up telecommunication access to eastern
part of Indonesia, the less developed area of the sprawling tropical nation.
Telkom’s president director, Rinaldi Firmansyah, said the company will become the majority contributor to the project and lead the group as it would use most of the telecommunication traffic through the network.
“We are still calculating the numbers, but all this time we are accounted for about 50 percent of the country’s
telecommunication traffic, so we are likely to invest about 50 percent of the project (cost),” Firmansyah told reporters.
"Financially we are ready," he said, adding that the company's involvement was aimed at strengthening its network in the eastern part of Indonesia. Separately, Excelcom's president director, Hasnul Suhaimi, said the company's contribution to the project would be around 10 percent of the total value of the investment. He said the fibre optic network could help lower the telecommunication costs from the current system that incorporates satellites.
According to a Bisnis Indonesia article, Gatot S. Dewa Broto, spokesman for the telecom ministry, said that the consortium of 7 companies will have to compete with Aqela Group and MCN Tech from Malaysia in a tender that they will hold in October.
The process that is being followed is so opaque that it is not clear on what basis the consortium that has already being given a license to build the Palapa Ring will compete in a tender with two “outsiders”. Is such a tender exercise credible to anyone? What are the chances that the consortium will not win the tender? I would venture to say “nil.” Earlier the former Minister had stated that foreign participation in the Palapa Ring would be restricted to 35%, if that condition is enforced how can a Malaysian firm participate without partnering with an Indonesian entity?
I can’t see how the Indonesian Government can extricate itself out of this mess. One thing that they can do to minimize the credibility damage is to have an access regime in place before the Palapa Ring project is handed to the consortium. An access regime may ensure that if the Palapa Ring gets built other telecom operators who are not part of the consortium have access to the backbone infrastructure. This is the only way to ensure that the access networks gets built in the East of the country with the widest possible participation.
The seven companies part of the consortium that will build Palapa ring: PT
Telkom Tbk, PT Indosat Tbk, PT Excelcomindo Pratama Tbk, PT Infokom Elektrindo,
PT Bakrie Telecom Tbk, PT Powertek Utama Internusa (representasi dari Linbrooke
Worldwide Ltd, Inggris), and PT Nusantara Ekaprana Teknogunakelola. Telkom will
hold 50%, Excelcomindo 10%, Bakrie 10%.