Since 2005, LIRNEasia has been conducting large-scale nationally representative demand-side research on ICT access and use in the Asia region. Starting 2017, we have started conducting nationally representative surveys of access to and use of ICTs in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Cambodia, as a start, with Sri Lanka and more countries to be added as funds become available. The work is part of a larger comparative project being conducted in partnership with RIA (Research ICT Africa) in Africa and DIRSI(Dialogo Regional sobre Sociedad de la Informacion) in Latin America. The research is funded by the International Development Research Centre (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Cambodia) as well as the Ford Foundation (Indonesia and Nepal).
This global effort is meant to collect a range of household, individual and small and micro-enterprise ICT data. The data will be able to offer us deeper insight into the demand-side barriers to digital equality. Our ability to inform policies and regulation will thereby have a more comprehensive base of evidence. The compiled indicators will meet threshold compliance of the WSIS-initiated Partnership for Measuring ICT for Development. The research will provide a detailed understanding of:
The data collected will help us understand:
Survey data is being collected from households and individuals, using comparable methodology and a common questionnaire with RIA and DIRSI (with some local customization). Field teams are conducting face-to-face interviews with the respondents and use electronic data entry (CAPI methods). The survey includes two components: (1) an interview with the household head of selected houses, on household characteristics; and (2) an interview with a randomly selected household member (aged 15-65) on individual characteristics and ICT usage.
The sampling of households, individuals and enterprises has been done using probability-based sampling, enabling a representative sample to be selected. The desired level of accuracy for the survey is set to a confidence level of 95% and an absolute precision (relative margin of error) of approximately 3.5%. Sample sizes ranged from 1,200 up to 5,000 per country. LIRNEasia’s sister network RIA developed the sampling method used for this study. RIA applied their method over the past decade in numerous countries in Africa to achieve nationally representative results for households, individuals and other target groups simultaneously in a cost-effective way. We may make country-wise adaptations to this method, however, based on the availability of national sampling frameworks.
Detailed methodology notes:
Visit the official AfterAccess page: www.afteraccess.net
Education was hard hit due to the COVID-19 crisis. A year into the crisis, some educators, students and caregivers are still grappling to find ways to provide continuity in education while minimising COVID-19 outbreaks. Online learning was seemingly a silver bullet. The adoption of digital technologies for educational purposes increased significantly as a result. However, the experiences of all students were heterogeneous, differing between countries and socio-economic groups. This policy brief focuses primarily on the experiences of those in the Global South. It examines both longstanding issues, and new challenges brought about by the need to switch to digital learning models.
Presentation by Helani Galpaya at Ceylon Chamber of Commerce event on “Use of Digital Platforms for SMBs”. November 2020.
Findings from the AfterAccess enterprise survey conducted in Sri Lanka during December 2018 – January 2019.
ICT access and use by Persons with Disabilities (PWD) in Sri Lanka
This study explores the effect of the expansion of mobile phone signal on migration decisions in Myanmar.
Access to the right devices (internet-enabled smartphones), affordable internet services, relevant content in a language known to the user, and the appropriate skills to make use of these digital services are collectively seen to be important to ensure economic and social development.