After Access


Since 2005, LIRNEasia has been conducting large-scale nationally representative demand-side research on ICT access and use in the Asia region. Starting 2017, we have started conducting nationally representative surveys of access to and use of ICTs in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Cambodia, as a start, with Sri Lanka and more countries to be added as funds become available. The work is part of a larger comparative project being conducted in partnership with RIA (Research ICT Africa) in Africa and DIRSI(Dialogo Regional sobre Sociedad de la Informacion) in Latin America.  The research is funded by the International Development Research Centre (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Cambodia) as well as the Ford Foundation (Indonesia and Nepal).

Objectives

This global effort is meant to collect a range of household, individual and small and micro-enterprise ICT data. The data will be able to offer us deeper insight into the demand-side barriers to digital equality. Our ability to inform policies and regulation will thereby have a more comprehensive base of evidence. The compiled indicators will meet threshold compliance of the WSIS-initiated Partnership for Measuring ICT for Development. The research will provide a detailed understanding of:

  • Demand, or the absence of it
  • Users, citizens and consumers in all their diversity
  • What and what not people are using their mobile devices for
  • Use of social networking and other services
  • Awareness and use of platforms
  • Whether these services stimulate take up and are a gateway to open Internet use or whether they are Internet ghettos for the poor
  • What privacy and security concerns users have, and what coping mechanisms they use to overcome these, if at all
  • The extent to which people use mobile wallet/financial services
  • The reasons for people being offline
  • What they are using the Internet for when they are.

The data collected will help us understand:

  • The evolution of mobile use, internet use and the use of other ICTs
  • Usage patterns and the associated demographics and to model these
  • Consumer welfare, including affordability in the context of real users and real income – not national averages that mask inequality
  • Constraints and drivers of usage ‘After Access’, particularly in relation to human development
  • Use and constraints around mobile financial services
  • Quality of service delivery of ICTs, both public and private
  • How we can inform policy in ways that policy could not be informed other wise

Methodology

Interviews

Survey data is being collected from households and individuals, using comparable methodology and a common questionnaire with RIA and DIRSI (with some local customization). Field teams are conducting face-to-face interviews with the respondents and use electronic data entry (CAPI methods). The survey includes two components: (1) an interview with the household head of selected houses, on household characteristics; and (2) an interview with a randomly selected household member (aged 15-65) on individual characteristics and ICT usage.

Sampling

The sampling of households, individuals and enterprises has been done using probability-based sampling, enabling a representative sample to be selected. The desired level of accuracy for the survey is set to a confidence level of 95% and an absolute precision (relative margin of error) of approximately 3.5%.  Sample sizes ranged from 1,200 up to 5,000 per country. LIRNEasia’s sister network RIA developed the sampling method used for this study. RIA applied their method over the past decade in numerous countries in Africa to achieve nationally representative results for households, individuals and other target groups simultaneously in a cost-effective way. We may make country-wise adaptations to this method, however, based on the availability of national sampling frameworks.

Detailed methodology notes:

  • Click here to download the India sample frame and selected locations.
  • Click here for detailed notes on methodology used in individual countries.

Visit the official AfterAccess page: www.afteraccess.net


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Blogs and Updates
  • LIRNEasia at Myanmar Digital Rights Forum 2019
    LIRNEasia’s research on ICTs and gender in Myanmar was presented at the Myanmar Digital Rights Forum that took place on 18 and 19 January 2019 in Yangon.
  • Media coverage of AfterAccess in Cambodia
    Below is a list of selected media coverage on AfterAccess following dissemination of the data and report in Phnom Penh, Cambodia:   Date Name of Publication Title (link) Author/Host 5-Nov-18 KhmerLoad ICT survey with Cambodia component wins global award in New York Unknown 5-Nov-18 Raksmey Kampuchea ICT survey with Cambodia component won global award in New York Unknown 5-Nov-18 Kampuchea Thmey ICT survey with Cambodia component won global award in New York Unknown 5-Nov-18 Sabay News A technology company helps Cambodia win the EQUALSINTech Research Award from the United States Unknown 7-Nov-18 DAP News Online Harassment Experienced by 26% of Cambodian Internet Users Aged 15-65 Mao Daroth 7-Nov-18 China.
  • Media coverage of AfterAccess in Bangladesh
    Below is a list of selected media coverage on AfterAccess following dissemination of the data and report in Dhaka, Bangladesh: Date Name of Publication Title (link) Author/Host 24-Sep-18 bdnews24 ICT access survey, which featured Bangladesh, wins research award Unknown 27-Sep-18 The Daily Star – Unknown 27-Sep-18 Financial Express – Unknown 27-Sep-18 Financial Express Multy-country ICT survey wins award Unknown 2-Oct-18 The Daily Star Only 13 per cent use internet in Bangladesh: Survey Unknown 2-Oct-18 Prothom Alo 13pc Bangladeshis use Internet: survey report Unknown 2-Oct-18 The Independent Only 13 pc of Bangladeshis use Internet, says survey report Unknown 2-Oct-18 New Age Only 13pc Bangladeshis use Internet, finds survey Unknown 2-Oct-18 UNB Only 13 pc of Bangladeshis use Internet, says survey report Unknown 2-Oct-18 UNB Bangla Only 13 pc of Bangladeshis use Internet, says survey report Unknown 2-Oct-18 Kaler Kantha online Only 13 pc of Bangladeshis use Internet, says survey report Unknown 2-Oct-18 bdnews24.
  • Media coverage of AfterAccess in Pakistan
    Below is a list of selected media coverage on AfterAccess following dissemination of the Pakistan data and report: Date Name of Publication Title (link) Author/Host 9-Nov-18 Dawn Pakistani women less likely to own a mobile phone than men: study Jamal Shahid 9-Nov-18 Dawn Pakistani women less likely to own a mobile phone than men: study Jamal Shahid 9-Nov-18 The Dawn Pakistani women less likely to own a mobile phone than men: study Jamal Shahid 9-Nov-18 The News Pakistan’s urban-rural mobile ownership divide  set to close soon, study  shows Jawwad Rizvi 9-Nov-18 Pakistan Today ICT survey stresses need to promote internet usage in Pakistan Unknown 9-Nov-18 Phone World Pakistan Among the Top Asian Countries with Highest Gender Gap: Study Reveals Fizza Atique 9-Nov-18 The News Pakistan’s urban-rural mobile ownership divide set to close soon, study shows Unknown 9-Nov-18 Dawn Pakistani women less likely to own a mobile phone than men: study Jamal Shahid 10-Nov-18 Tech Juice Pakistani women far less likely to own a smartphone as compared to males, new report Muneeb Ahmad 10-Nov-18 Pakistan Today ICT Survey stresses need to promote internet usage in Pakistan Unknown 12-Nov-18 Dawn Most Pakistanis do not know what the internet is: report Jamal Shahid […]
  • Internet and gender in Myanmar: findings from research
    Presented by Gayani Hurulle at Myanmar Digital Rights Forum.
  • Media coverage of AfterAccess in India
    A selection of coverage by Indian media of the AfterAccess surveys
  • Bringing the demand-side perspective to WTIS
    Earlier this month, LIRNEasia Research Manager Shazna Zuhyle was in Geneva, where she was asked to speak about ICTs and Affordability at the last World Telecom / ICT Indicators Symposium (WTIS 2018).
  • Understanding Affordability: Supply and Demand-side Perspectives
    Presented by Shazna Zuhyle at the 16th World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Symposium
  • Information Sheet and Consent Form for Sri Lankan respondents providing call detail records to LIRNEasia
  • Users, subscribers and SIM cards: counting apples, oranges and sometimes sour grapes in Pakistan’s telecom sector
    An opinion piece written by LIRNEasia's CEO Helani Galpaya, published in the Economy Watch section of the Pakistan Observer on Sunday, 02 December 2018.
  • AfterAccess: ICT access and use in Cambodia and the Global South (Presentation)
    Presented by Helani Galpaya and Tharaka Amarasinghe on 7 November 2018 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  • ICT access and use by Persons with Disabilities in Nepal (Presentation)
    Presented by Rohan Samarajiva, for AfterAccess Team at IGF in Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • AfterAccess: ICT access and use in Pakistan and the Global South (Presentation)
    Presented by Helani Galpaya, Ayesha Zainudeen and Tharaka Amarasinghe on 5 November 2018 in Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • AfterAccess Asia Report 2.0
    LIRNEasia.
  • LIRNEasia CEO at International Conference on ICT for Rural Development
    CEO Helani Galpaya gave one of the keynote addresses at the International Conference on ICT for Rural Development held in Bali, Indonesia.
  • ICT access, use and impacts in the Global South (Presentation)
    Helani Galpaya, 17 October 2018, International Conference on ICTs and Rural Development, Bali, Indonesia
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