Two years after our research was cited in a presentation by Scott Wallsten to Congress to support his argument that the US should adopt least-cost-subsidy auctions and I condemned the inefficient ways of US universal service fund disbursements at an event attended by senior FCC staff, the change is done: The US will use auctions.
Can we claim direct causal responsibility? No. But did we do what catalysts do? Yes. We’re happy the US will use less inefficient methods to disburse universal service funds (still too much as a percentage).