The objectives of the studies included:
Data collection tools
We mostly used qualitative methods of research, to understand disability as a complex of experiences in different domains of everyday life.
Focused ethnographies were conducted in India and Sri Lanka, first day involved understanding the respondents’ daily living challenges in the home environment, and the second day involved a public life exercise where the researcher shadowed the respondent in a public space to understand the challenges in the external environment. In both engagements, we attempted to understand how the respondents navigated built structures, transport ecosystems, and other barriers, with or without the assistance of technology.
In-depth-interviews were conducted to understand the life experiences and challenges of people with disabilities, map their use of ICT in daily life, and collect data using semi-structured and pre-identified areas of inquiry.
Key informant interviews were conducted to get a macro understanding about disability issues in India and Sri Lanka views on latest policy work, and other developments in the field.
Separate focus group discussions with each of the three disabled groups (visual, hearing, and mobility) were conducted, to understand what the experiences and expectations associated with specific disability types.
Report of a study of ICT use among PWD in India, conducted for LIRNEasia by VIHARA